Eric is Founder and Chief Innovation Officer at Site 1001, a smart building performance and operations platform that uses the Internet of Things and data from various sensors as well as the building’s original information (like construction documents) to solve simple and complex problems with potentially expensive repercussions, such as mold detection and air quality monitoring.
Thanks to early travel opportunities which exposed him to both the developed and developing world, one of Eric’s top priorities is the sustainability and longevity of buildings. His motto? It’s more efficient to build it right the first time. And every ounce of waste results in architectural disintegrity.
Eric is a regular speaker about the future of the construction industry, IoT, AI, smart buildings, and smart cities.
Read on to hear Eric’s take on overcoming the silos confronting the construction industry — and that one time he got busted for selling tacos underage.
[Editor’s note: this interview has been lightly edited for length and clarity]
Tell us about what projects you’re currently working on.
I’m working on extending the platform of hardware technologies, including IoT devices. We’re adding more sensors in buildings to get more data. IoT allows us to have data that was 100 times more expensive ten years ago. It allows a broad set of device manufacturers to solve very specific problems at a low cost–everything from mundane to highly sophisticated issues.
The solution can be something as simple as detecting a leak inside of a wall before it collapses. With IoT, once I’ve detected the leak, I can depressurize the water system through an automated valve. We can use thermometers and automated water valves to remove contagens and pathogens from drinking water supplies or use the sensors for indoor air quality monitoring. It’s able to detect mold in the wall cavity. All simple fixes that, at the end of the day, allow people to be more proactive and live in a healthier environment.
How long have you been part of this industry?
I’ve been in the AEC space for almost 25 years. I received an undergrad in architecture and immediately joined the carpenters union. I’ve been in every stage of construction, from swinging a hammer, to national building information model director, to founder and inventor of Site 1001.
What changes have you seen for the positive?
The industry has been criticized for how it’s lacked productive improvement over the past 100 years. People are quick to blame a lack of technology for lack of productivity. I disagree with that. Since I came into the marketplace with a post-grad degree, there has been a huge application of technology in the construction industry. The real problem in buildings is the archaic communication structure under which we build buildings.
We have a historical methodology that creates an adversarial relationship between contractor and owner, between change orders and cost reduction.
What I’ve seen is the application of BIM allows for collaboration between these parties that has never been possible before. BIM allows us to engage people who can’t read these details to see it, understand it, and discuss it. We’re freed up to make more sophisticated design decisions as a result. It allows visual communication. It’s going to change expectations–the days of 30 percent waste and massive change orders are over. Owners are no longer going to accept that.
What changes have you seen for the negative?
Not that we have control over it, but we have a much greater lack of skilled labor than we did before.
When I joined the union, I was surrounded by skilled tradesman. Today, because the unions aren’t able to provide that skilled labor, general contractors have become construction managers. Of course, there were specialized trades, but the general carpentry, the labor, the site conditions, safety, iron working, and masonry were all handled by a single entity–a brotherhood of skilled labor. If we were up against the schedule, and one of the trades wasn’t getting it done, I had dozens of tradesmen on the job to rally around and get the job done because it was in everyone’s best interest.
The market in construction and design is becoming more siloed because we don’t have access to skilled labor. Specialization is starting to push us back towards the problem in communication we had pre-BIM.
What draws you to the technology side of things?
My goal in this is to get us back on track to get rid of this abusive triad relationship. What suffers is the architecture, the built environment we deliver. People deserve good architecture.
As a student who’s traveled all over the world, I’ve seen how different cultures and governments place emphasis on good architecture. Here in the States, architecture is driven by capitalism. If you’re building a warehouse for shoes, you’re building the squarest, non-air-conditioning-est building you can build. We compound that issue when we have poor communication. We don’t allow good design to occur.
I want to see more farsighted design than the two-year construction process. It takes two years for buildings to go from hole in the mud to having the keys handed to the owner. Every ounce of waste results in architectural disintegrity.
Imagine you’re talking to a high school senior. What would you tell her to major in, and why?
The first bit of advice I would give is: you don’t have to decide today. The longer we have to decide what it is we want to do, compared to the amount of information we receive in that time, is the connection of how we finally get there. I’m fortunate–I don’t work. I do what I love. If you want to achieve that, you’re not going to already know what that is as an 18-year-old. Stay in a general studies program for the first couple years. Don’t close your mind.
What advice would you give to someone starting out in the industry?
Travel while you’re young. Travel gives you the widest breadth of experience because everything is done a little differently all over the place. We all learned to pour concrete from the Romans. Get as much project experience as you can. Be willing to move around the country and keep your eyes and ears open.
Was there a specific trip that impacted you?
Shock therapy. In college, I had an open year so I decided to take a job in Paris which allowed me to travel Europe on a Euro Pass. I was traveling all over, sketching buildings from the Trevi fountain to canals in Amsterdam and everything in between. I was seeing some of the world’s greatest architecture.
When I flew back stateside. I had a month to kill before classes started. My stepdad was involved in a church program going to Haiti for 14 days. So I flew from Europe to the U.S. to the poorest country in the western hemisphere. There were so few resources that if I had a Bobcat Skid-steer down here, I could have changed the country.
That was the opportunity that drove me to care about society’s impact on architecture, the desire to want what we build to provide residual value. It’s the responsibility of architects to not cut corners and sacrifice quality in order to deliver something in the short term.
What was your first job ever?
I lied about my age so I could make tacos at a fast food restaurant. It only took a month for them to catch me and fire me–I was 11 and you had to be 14.
What is your must-have smartphone app?
I only use eight pages on the entire internet. I’ve been a full iOS ecosystems user for the last 10 years since the iPhone first came out. But I’ve realized that all of this fear and dependency I had on my Apple ecosystems was not true at all. The whole Android OS is my new favorite app. I didn’t have the courage on my own to transition, but now I am a changed person.
What are your favorite technology tools you use throughout your day?
Nest cameras are ultra sweet. I carry a Flir infrared camera on my body all the time to go into spaces and look at air infiltration as well as electrical–you can see shorted wires glow in infrared. You can look at a wall panel and see what’s loaded based on what color they are. It fits in a shirt pocket.
If you could wave a magic wand and create a new technology, what would it be?
Instant travel. As a guy who flies all the time, I need instant travel.
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CIMdata delivers Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) consulting, research, and education to global PLM leaders. Their annual review of the AEC market provides a thorough look at the trends in the market and how AEC solution providers are responding to them. The 70-page report includes 20 charts tables of data detailing the global AEC market along several dimensions.
In the report, details like the growth in cloud services, innovations in the area of reality capture as well as VR/AR developments are discussed in detail. Additionally, the report contains AEC solution provider analysis for some of the biggest companies in the industry, including Autodesk, Bentley Systems, Hexagon AB and Trimble Navigation, just to name a few.
We caught up with Ed Martin, Director, AEC / Manufacturing Convergence Consulting Practice, at CIMdata to gather a few more insights around the sort of info that’s in this report, and how it can best be utilized. Ed has previously detailed the opportunities and obstacles to change in AEC, and it’s clear this report deals with those topics directly and indirectly. He also lays out some high level takeaways and talks about how the info in this report will influence strategic planning and marketing for stakeholders in a variety of roles and industries.
Jeremiah Karpowicz: At a very broad level, what does the information in this report tell you about the position and stability of the AEC market?
Ed Martin: Overall, the market is showing steady growth in most areas. We’re seeing especially strong growth in the construction solutions segment. The market for process plant solutions has been weak, driven by continuing weakness in energy prices, but most other areas are strong. Autodesk’s business transition has impacted headline revenue numbers, but that is an expected and temporary effect due to their move to recurring term subscriptions.
Were there any major surprises that stuck out to you in the course of compiling the info in this report?
I was struck by the strong growth by certain providers. For example, Nemetschek’s organic growth exceeded 15%, and their Build (construction) segment organic growth was 30%. Their overall growth including acquisitions was of course even higher. They weren’t alone, either, we estimated strong growth by certain other companies as well.
Did you notice or highlight major changes for any of the solution providers that were profiled in the report? Have many of them expanded their services, or made an adjustment to focus on a specific product or service?
The report goes into some detail for each provider, and their strategies do differ somewhat. However, there are some common themes that emerge. There is clearly a trend toward more and richer cloud solutions, and several providers are expanding their solutions for construction. There are some pretty substantial differences in acquisition strategies, with some companies in a very acquisitive phase and others taking a much more conservative approach.
Can you talk a little bit about how you envision the information in this report can and will influence strategic planning and marketing for stakeholders in a variety of roles and industries?
CIMdata’s market reports, including the AEC report, are used throughout the industry as a source of both quantitative information and qualitative insights to inform strategic planning, product planning, and M&A activity. These reports help companies validate and update insights they obtain from their own engagement with the market. We expect the AEC report to be used in a similar way.
What would you say to someone who is looking to setup a strategic planning session for their organization, but doesn’t believe the 2017 AEC Market Overview Report needs to be part of that discussion?
I would encourage that person to visit the CIMdata website to see what they’re missing. The table of contents and a list of figures and tables is freely available for download. The report itself is very cost-effective in comparison to the information it contains.